zaterdag 7 mei 2016

Grawlixes: Pataphysica

Grawlixes first appeared in the daily strips of the early 20th century newspapers.
Grawlixes pop up after the path of a rigid, mechanistically operating character towards a goal or ideal was cut-off by an unexpected event .
When Grawlixes appear in the cartoon, the character’s cognitive and motor-skills appear distorted, linguistic structure disintegrates, and destructive imagery of death, explosions and swastika’s appear in the company of spirals and swirls. (see also programming with grawlixes)

In 1914 in his book “The Curves of Life” Theodore Andrea Cook writes;
“The Lucky Swastika,” (..)is “one of the most ancient and widespread of all symbols,” connected both to the orientation of the sun and to the growth of the lotus flower, the latter itself, according to Cook, considered a “sacred” spiral form .
Within a few short months of the publication of The Curves of Life, much of
Europe would be at war, (..)and vanguardist European artists of diverse and even antago-nistic allegiances had begun to draw on the figure of the spiral not to express “the profound significance of mankind” as eternal beauty, but precisely as absurdity and hideousness.”


Alfred Jarry’s (..) play Ubu Roi and the novel The Exploitsand Opinions of Doctor Faustroll, Pataphysician, both(..) prominently feature spirals of this new, destructive type, and both (..) were acknowledged by Italian Futurists as important precursors.

(..) the author of Ubu declares ’pataphysique to be “the science of that which is super-added to (..) metaphysics, whether within or beyond the limits of metaphysics.”

If metaphysics ostensibly studies that which is beyond the physical, ’pataphysics (whose little recoiling spiral apostrophe, Jarry claims, is used “to avoid a simple pun”) extends “as far beyond metaphysics as the latter extends beyond physics.”
Yet despite this ostensibly long reach, ’pataphysics is turned not toward the universal, but toward the particular and, especially, the “accidental.” Accordingly, it “examines the laws that govern exceptions.

"Faustroll’s little parable concludes, charmingly, “the unforeseen beast Clina-
men ejaculated onto the walls of its universe.” In Jarry’s text, (..)spiral forms are thus associated with sexuality and power, sexuality-as-power. This power would allow “’pataphysical” contemporary art-of-the-future to “dash itself ” against thearchitecture of the decaying old and, unforeseen, “ejaculate against the walls”with its destructively primal, primary, priapic/pudendic colors. In this explo-sively violent vision, body limns machine: indeed, body is a kind of sex- and art-making machine."

"Jarry’s ’pataphysics, thriving on the accidental, thus offers (..) exceptionally exemplary models for destructive production.The Italian Futurists responded, in part to Jarry’s provo-cation, with a call to “wreck the cities pitilessly,” to torch libraries and museums, and to embrace the hard sleekness of the machine.(..)

emphasis mine 

Nico Israel.
Spirals: The Whirled Image in Twentieth-Century Literature and Art,
Columbia University Press (February 3, 2015)

Grawlixes and Art: Ad Reinhardt; How To Look At Spiral (1946)

From: Ad Reinhardt; How to look at Spiral (1946)

Ad Reinhardt's How to Look: Art Comics. Hatje Cantz/David Zwirner (February 28, 2014)

Lines; Ad Reinhardt

From: Ad Reinhardt; How to look at iconography (1946)

Ad Reinhardt's How to Look: Art Comics. Hatje Cantz/David Zwirner (February 28, 2014)

donderdag 28 april 2016

Kandinsky; POINT AND LINE TO PLANE (1926)

A line is a track following "the destruction of the intense self-contained repose of the point.

"When a force coming from without moves the point in any direction, the first type of line results; the initial direction remains unchanged, and the line has the tendency to run in a straight course to infinity."

the simple curved line is really "a straight line which has been brought out of its course by constant sideward pressure — the greater was this pressure, the farther went the diversion from the straight line"


woensdag 27 april 2016

Vilém Flusser - 1988

"When alphabet was invented, mythical thought gave way to historical thought. Because the structure of linear writing is a uni-dimensional, uni-directional line. So that, by and by, people started to think historically in a causal way and in a critical way."(..)

 Linguistic communication, both the spoken and written world, are no longer capable of transmitting the thoughts and concepts which we have concerning the world. […] It has been clear for several centuries now that, if we want to understand the world, it is not sufficient to describe it by words. It is necessary to calculate the world. So that science has had ever more recurrence to numbers which are images of thoughts. […] Numbers are being transcoded into digital codes and digital codes are, themselves, being transcoded into synthetic images. So it is my firm belief, that if you want to have a clear and distinct communication of your concepts, you have to use synthetic images, no longer words. And this is a veritable revolution in thinking.